Japanese Seafood: Japanese~English Lexicon (regularly amended)

I thought that such a lexicon would become handy both for English-speaking newcomers and long term residents!

I wrote the Japanese pronunciation first, the Chinese (Japanese kanji) characters and the English translations.

Bear in mind that many seafood have many names depending on the Japanese region. These are the common names.
If you have a question I will be glad to investigate!

By seafood I meant everything used as food from the sea except fish which is treated in a separate article!

A separate lexicon is being prepared for sushi!

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CRABS

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Takaashigani/高足蟹: Japanese spider crab, the largest crab in the world!
Aburagani/油蟹: blue king crab
Asahigani/旭蟹: frog crab, red frog crab
Benigani/紅蟹: another name for a Japanese variety of Zuwaigani/頭矮蟹: Snow crab
Gazami/蝤蛑(also called Wataraigani/渡り蟹): Swimming crab、Japanese blue crab
Kegani/毛蟹: Horsehair crab, Horse crab
Kurigani/栗蟹: Helmet Crab
Mozukugani/藻屑蟹: Japanese mitten crab
Taiwan gazami/台湾蝤蛑: Swimming blue crab, flower crab, blue crab, blue swimmer crab. blue manna crab

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Takaashigani/高足蟹: Japanese spider crab
Tarabagani/鱈場蟹: red king crab
Wataraigani/渡り蟹 (also called Gazami/蝤蛑): Swimming crab、Japanese blue crab
Zuwaigani/頭矮蟹: Snow crab

SHELLFISH

HAMAGURI

Hamaguri/蛤: Common orient clam as sushi!
Agemaki/揚巻: jack knife clam, sinonovacula constricta
Akaawabi/赤鮑 (also called Megaiawabi/目外鰒): a big variety of red abalone, haliotis (nordotis) gigantean Gmelin, 1791
Akagai/赤貝: Blood shellfish
Akanaeawabi/茜鮑: red abalone, Haliotis (Nordotis) rufescens Swainson
Aoyagi/青柳: Chinese mactra (also called Bakagai/破家蛤)
Atsuezobora/厚蝦夷法螺: a variety of buccinum whelk, neptunea helos (Gray, 1850)
Asari/浅利: Japanese littleneck, Manila clam
Awabi/鮑: abalone
Bai (or Baigai)/ 蛽、海蠃、海螄 : Japanese ivory shell, Japanese Babylon (also called Umi Tsubo/海つぼ)
Bakagai/破家蛤:Chinese mactra (also called Aoyagi/青柳)
Bateira/馬蹄螺: Top-shell (also called Isomono/いそもの)
Chigai/稚貝: small Scallops
Chiri awabi/チリ鮑: abalone imported from Chile
Ezo Awabi/蝦夷鰒: ezo abalone
Ezobai/蝦夷バイ: Small whelk variety Buccinum middendorff Verkruzen, 1882 (also called Iso Tsubugai/磯つぶ貝)
Hamaguri/蛤: Common orient clam
Himeshakogai/姫硨磲貝: a small Okinawan tridacninae, tridacna crocea
Hiougikai/緋扇貝: noble scallop
Hokkigai/北寄貝: Sakhalin surf clam (also called Ubagai/姥貝)
Honbinosugai/ホンビノスガイ: hard clam, Northern quahog

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Hotate/帆立: scallops
Ishigakigai/石垣貝: clinocardium californiense
Isomono/いそもの: Top-shell (also called Bateira/馬蹄螺)
Iso Tsubugai/磯つぶ貝: Small whelk variety Buccinum middendorff Verkruzen, 1882 (also called Ezobai/蝦夷バイ)
Kaki/牡蠣: oyster
Kuro awabi/黒鰒: black abalone
Madaka awabi/まだか鰒: madaka abalone
Mategai/馬刀貝: razor clam
Matsubu/真螺: whelk
Megai awabi/雌貝鰒 (also called Akaawabi/赤鮑): Megai abalone, a big variety of red abalone, haliotis (nordotis) gigantean Gmelin, 1791
Mirugai/海松貝: mirugai clam, (type of) horse clam, (type of) gaper clam (also called Mirukui/海松食、水松食)
Mirukui/海松食、水松食 8also called Shiromiru/白海松): mirugai clam, (type of) horse clam, (type of) gaper clam
Oomategai/大馬刀貝: larger razor clam
Oomizogai/大溝貝: siliqua alta
Rokogai/ロコ貝/ Baranacle Rock-shell, Concholepas concholepas (Bruguie, 1789)
Saragai/皿貝 (also called Shirogai/白貝): northern great tellin,megangulus venulosa (Schrenk)
Satougai/佐藤貝: bloody clam, Scapharca satowi (Dunker,1882)
Sazae/栄螺、拳螺: Horned Turban
Shirobai/白蛽、白海蠃、白海螄: white Japanese ivory shell, white Japanese babylon
Shirogai/白貝 (also called Saragai/皿貝): northern great tellin,megangulus venulosa (Schrenk)
Shiromiru/白海松 (also called Mirukui/海松食、水松食): mirugai clam, (type of) horse clam, (type of) gaper clam
Sudaregai/すだれ貝: Venus clam
Tairagai/平貝 (also called Tairagi/玉珧): pen shell
Tairagi/玉珧 (also called Tairagai/平貝): pen shell
Tokobushi/床臥, 常節: small ablone, Sulculus diversicolor supertexta
Torigai/鳥貝: Heart Clam、Japanese Cockle
Tsubugai/螺貝 (or Tsubu/螺): whelk
Ubagai/姥貝: Sakhalin surf clam (also called Hokkigai/北寄貝)
Umi Tsubo/海つぼ: Japanese ivory shell, Japanese Babylon(also called Bai (or Baigai)/ 蛽、海蠃、海螄 )
Yakougai/夜光貝: Great Green Turban

CRUSTACEANS

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Botan ebi/牡丹海老: Large Prawn
Aka ebi/赤海老: Red rice prawn, whiskered velvet shrimp

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Ama ebi/甘海老: sweet shrimp
Ashiaka ebi/足赤 (also called Kuma ebi/クマエビ): Green tiger prawn, Penaeus (Penaeus) semisulcatus De.Haan.1844
Botan ebi/牡丹海老: Large Prawn
Budou ebi/葡萄海老: “Grape shrimp”, pandalopsis miyakei hayashi
Burakku Taigaa ebi/ブラックタイガー海老: black tiger prawn
Ebi/海老、蝦、鰕: prawn, shrimp
Hokkai ebi/北海海老 (also called Shima ebi/縞海老): hokkai shrimp
Ibaramo ebi/茨藻海老(also called Oni ebi/鬼海老):spiny lebbeid, Greenland lebbeid
Ise ebi/伊勢海老: spiny lobster
Kuma ebi/クマエビ(also called Ashiaka/足赤): Green tiger prawn, Penaeus (Penaeus) semisulcatus De.Haan.1844
Kuruma ebi/車海老 (also called Saimakiebi/才巻き海老): large prawn
Oni ebi/鬼海老 (also called Ibaramo ebi/茨藻海老):spiny lebbeid, Greenland lebbeid
Saimakiebi/才巻き海老 (also called Kuruma ebi/車海老): large prawn

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Sakura ebi/桜海老: cherry shrimp
Shako/蝦蛄: Squilla
Shiba ebi/芝海老: Shiba shrimp, Metapenaeus joyneri (Miers, 1880)
Shima ebi/縞海老 (also called Hokkai ebi/北海海老): hokkai shrimp
Shiro ebi/白海老: white shrimp
Uchiwa ebi/団扇海老: fan lobster, sand crayfish
Vannamei ebi/バナメイ海老: Vannamei shrimp

FISH PARTS

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Akami/赤身: red lean part nigiri
Akami/赤身: red lean part
Chuutoro/中トロ:semi fat part
Chiai/血合い: the whole bloody central part of tuna, never used in sushi
Chiai gishi/血合いぎし: the bloody central part under the skin of tuna, never used in sushi
Engawa/縁側: border flesh of the fillets, especially with soles and flatfish
Fukahire/鱶ヒレ: shark fin
Ho/頬: “Cheek”, flesh near mouth (tuna in particular)

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Ikura Konb\donburi/いくら小丼:small salmon roe sushi bowl

Ikura/いくら: salmon roe
Kama/かま: Flesh near the gills (tuna in particular)
Kami/上: part/flesh of a fish from the head (tuna in particular)
Kaperinko/カぺリン子: the eggs of a variety of Shishamo/柳葉魚: Shishamo (meaning willow leaf fish, a kind of Japanese smelt), Spirinchus lanceolatus
Kazunoko/数の子、鯑: herring roe
Madarako/真鱈子: Pacific cod roe
Mentaiko/明太子: spicy cod roe
Naka/中: central part/flesh of a fish (tuna in particular)

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Negitoro/ネギトロ: scraped underbelly part gunkan nigiri

Negitoro/ネギトロ: scraped underbelly part
O-Toro/おトロ: fat part, belly part
Shimo/下: part/flesh of fish near the tail (tuna in particular)
Sumiika/墨烏賊: Cuttlefish, Sepia (Platysepia) esculenta Hoyle,1885
Shimesaba/〆鯖: pickled mackerel, a popular way to serve it as sashimi or sushi

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Tara Shirako/白子:  Cod Male fish whiting, sperm sacs gunkan  nigiri

Shirako/白子: Male fish whiting, sperm sacs
Tarako/鱈子: Cod roe
Tobiko/飛子: flying fish roe

SQUIDS/CUTTLEFISH

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Aka Ika/赤烏賊: red spear squid gunkan nigiri

Aka Ika/赤烏賊: red spear squid
Aori ika/障泥烏賊 (also called Mizu ika/水烏賊): bigfin reef squid
Beika/米烏賊: a variety of spear squid loliolus (nipponololig) beka sasaki, 1929
Bozu ika/ボウズ烏賊: North Pacific bobtail, rossia (rossia) pacifica Berry, 1911
Budou ika/葡萄烏賊 (also called Kensaki ika/剣先烏賊: swordtip squid: “Grape squid”, Loligo (photololigo) forma budo Wakiya and Ishikawa, 1921
Ezohariika/蝦夷針烏賊: Andrea cuttlefish, Sepia (Doratosepion) andreana Steenstrup,1875
Hakutenkouika/泊天甲烏賊: Sepia (Doratosepion) aureomaculata Okutani & Horikawa, 1987
Hiika/
Himekouika/姫甲烏賊:Kobi cuttlefish, Sepia (Doratosepion) kobiensis Hoyle, 1885
Hotaru ika/蛍烏賊:
Hiika/ヒイカ( also called Shindo ika/深度烏賊: A variety of Sumiika/墨烏賊): Chinese ink cuttlefish, Sepia (Platysepia) esculenta Hoyle,1885
Ika/烏賊、魷: cuttlefish, squid
Kaminari ika/雷烏賊: Kisslip cuttlefish, Sepia (Acanthosepion) lycidas Gray, 1849
Kensaki ika/剣先烏賊: swordtip squid (also called Budou ika/葡萄烏賊: “Grape squid”), Loligo (photololigo) forma budo Wakiya and Ishikawa, 1921
Kou ika/子烏賊 (also called Mongouika/紋甲烏賊): Golden cuttlefish, Sepia (Platysepia) esculenta Hoyle, 1885
Mizu ika/水烏賊 (also called Aori ika/障泥烏賊): bigfin reef squid
Mongouika/紋甲烏賊 (also called Kou ika/子烏賊): Golden cuttlefish, Sepia (Platysepia) esculenta Hoyle, 1885
Shindo ika/深度烏賊: A variety of Sumiika/墨烏賊 (also called Hiika/ヒイカ): Chinese ink cuttlefish, Sepia (Platysepia) esculenta Hoyle,1885
Shiriyake ika/尻焼け烏賊: Japanese spineless cuttlefish, Sepiella japonica Sasaki, 1929
Sode ika/袖烏賊:Rhomboid squid, Thysanoteuthis rhombus Troschel, 1857
Suji ika/筋烏賊: Luminous flying squid, ucleoteuthis luminosa (Sasaki, 1915)
Sumiika/墨烏賊: Chinese ink cuttlefish, Sepia (Platysepia) esculenta Hoyle,1885
Surume/鯣: dried cuttlefish, squid
Surume ika/鯣烏賊: Japanese flying squid, Japanese common squid, Pacific flying squid
Usubeni ika/薄紅烏賊: “light red cuttlefish”
Yariika/槍烏賊: Spear Squid

Octopuses
Chiirodako/知色鮹: Chiiro octopus
Iidako/飯蛸: Ocellated octopus
Madago/真鮹: Common octopus
Mizudako/水鮹: North Pacific Giant Octopuss
Tako/蛸、鮹: octopus

OTHERS

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Uni/海胆: Sea urchin gunkan nigiri

Aka uni/赤海胆:red sea urchin, pseudocentrotus depressus
Amerika murasaki uni/アメリカ紫海胆: North-American violet urchin
Bafun uni/馬糞海胆: japanese variety of Ezobafun uni/蝦夷馬糞海胆: short-spined sea urchin
Chiri uni/チリ海胆: imported Chilean sea urchin
Ezobafun uni/蝦夷馬糞海胆 (also called Oobafun uni/大馬糞海胆): short-spined sea urchin, strongylocentrotus intermedius (A.Agassiz)
Hokuyouoobafun uni/北洋大馬糞海胆: North Pacific short-spined sea urchin
Hoya/海鞘: Sea squirt
Kitamurasaki uni/北紫海胆: north violet sea urchin, Strongylocentrotus nudus
Komochi konbu/子持ち昆布: Herring roe sandwiched on both sides of seaweed sheets
Kujira/鯨: whale
Kurage/海月: jellyfish
Murasaki uni/紫海胆:Japanese variety violet sea urchin
Namako/海鼠: Sea slug, sea cucumber
Oobafun uni/大馬糞海胆 (also called Ezobafun uni/蝦夷馬糞海胆): short-spined sea urchin, strongylocentrotus intermedius (A.Agassiz)
Shirohige uni/白髭海胆: “white beard sea urchin”, collector sea urchin, Tripneustes gratilla
Uni/海胆: Sea urchin

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Why may Shizuoka people be justified in assuming they eat some of the best in Japan?

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